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Splitting of fats in the body. What promotes and products for the cleavage of fats

The internal environment of the human body is the place of continuous flow of various chemical reactions. They are carried out in the framework of metabolism, in other words – metabolism. One of the metabolic reactions is called the cleavage of fats. Let’s consider it in more detail.

General information on the phenomenon of fats in the body

The breakdown of fats in the body is a fairly complex process, consisting of several stages.

It begins with the fact that fats in the food fall into the gastrointestinal tract, where they are exposed to enzymes and bile. As a result, lipids are cleaved to form qualitatively new components: fatty acids and glycerin. At the end of this phase, these fractions are absorbed by the mucous membranes of the digestive organs.

At the second stage, the previously split fats are transformed into new lipids. Here the key role is played by the small intestine, where this is the place to be. These organic substances with blood flow are transported to the organs that need fat. When there is an excessive amount of lipids, the problem is easily solved with the use of special cells called adipocytes – the excess fat is simply deposited in them. It is worth noting that a certain value in this process also has an enzyme glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.

What happens to those lipids that settle in adipocytes? They continue to share, respectively, their number increases. The result of this phenomenon is the growth of subcutaneous fat.

In order to reverse this process, that is, to force adipose tissue to decrease in size, the human body needs to switch to a regime of energy deficiency. In this case, lipids pass into the mitochondria for subsequent decay. This chemical reaction is known by the term “lipolysis”. Products processed as a result of this process, are outside the human body, and the released energy goes to the needs of the body.

I must say that not always lipolysis proceeds according to the above algorithm. If there is a hormonal and endocrine imbalance, this process acquires the features of pathology.

The benefits of splitting fats in the body

The breakdown of fat cells is immensely important for human health.

First, this metabolic reaction fulfills an energy function. Fat is a powerful source of energy and vitality, and when these resources are released, a mass of fatty acids and other nutrients is formed. All this together is of no small importance for the restoration and maintenance of normal health and working capacity of the body. In addition, subcutaneous fat, given its optimal size, allows a person to do without food for a long time if an unfavorable situation is created. In this case, both the physical form and activity remain at the same normal level. The main thing is to make sure that there is not an overabundance of stored lipids.

Secondly, it is a structural function. Fats having a complex chemical structure are part of the cell membrane and, thus, determine the impermeability of the shell for foreign agents and factors. This property – the fate of glycolipids, phospholipids and other similar substances.

Thirdly, some fat appears in the human body as a regulator of cellular metabolism and the general vital activity of the cell, stimulant and direct trigger mechanism in the process of hormone production.

Fourth, lipids tend to protect the body cells from damage of a mechanical nature, and the whole body as a whole from hypothermia.

What contributes to the breakdown of fats in the body

To normalize and accelerate the process of lipid decomposition in one’s own organism, it is necessary to turn some usual actions into useful habits.

  • Thoroughly chew food. The fact is that the process of digestion and, accordingly, the splitting of fats begins not in the stomach, but in the oral cavity. The better and you grind it with teeth, the more complete will be the processing of food in the organs of the digestive system, and, therefore, and the lipolysis will be more successful with the benefit of the figure.
  • Do not eat fat alone – combine them with vitamins and mineral compounds. This is especially true for saturated fats. If you eat boiled chicken meat or baked in the oven fish, then simultaneously send into the stomach and a serving of vegetable salad. If you enjoy the taste of a cake, add slices of fruit or berries to a sweet product. So you can increase the digestibility of lipids by your body, their cleavage and prevent obesity.
  • Drink more fluids throughout the day. Adhere to the following norm: for 1 kg of body weight should account for 30 g of water. In the absence of diseases of the kidneys and bladder, you can even slightly increase the indicated volumes of consumed liquid. The general recommendation, not tied to the body weight – 1,5-2 liters of water daily.
  • Lead an active lifestyle. That is, emphasis should be placed on regular and very intensive physical training. Sport increases the metabolic rate, directly the process of splitting fats, and additionally it also gives a lifting effect.
  • Use to improve the course of the lipolysis reaction, sports fat burners and products of the pharmacological industry. The first work basically only in conditions of the raised physical activities, but the second do not depend on the similar approach.

Products for the breakdown of fats in the body

Fat loss is also facilitated by frequent consumption of certain food products.

  • Grapefruit. Its chemical composition creates favorable conditions for lowering blood glucose levels and the hormone responsible for fat burning, insulin. Drink immediately after each main meal a glass of freshly squeezed grapefruit juice or eat 1/2 citrus, and the speed of your metabolism will increase many times, and the body will successfully get rid of the processed products.
  • A pineapple. It is an excellent fat burner due to the content of bromelain. By the way, the latter also contributes to the digestion of proteins. In order to improve the cleavage of fats, a fresh juicy fruit is recommended to eat after a dinner meal.
  • Papaya. The exotic product is rich in plant enzyme papain. Like bromelain, this substance helps to adjust the process of splitting lipids and proteins. Similarly, eat papaya after eating.
  • Raspberries. Vitamin berry contains a large number of natural enzymes that trigger the fat decomposition process in tissues. In addition, frequent raspberry raspberry helps to release the body from excess fluid and toxins. In addition to fresh berries you should eat raspberry jam or jam.
  • Horseradish. The share of this plant falls stimulation of digestion, improvement of intestinal peristalsis, preventing deposition in tissues of slags. However, horseradish should not be used by people who have stomach problems.

I wish you success in the fight against excess weight!

Buckwheat flour – benefits and recipes for losing weight

Cereals are an integral component of a healthy balanced diet. They are also important for losing weight. Products of this category are good in that they can be used by us in various forms. These are cereals, from which it is easy to prepare a hearty porridge or a nutritious side dish; and flakes, and muesli, and flour. Here’s the last type of food raw materials, namely buckwheat flour, let’s talk in more detail.

What is buckwheat flour?

Buckwheat flour, of course, is derived from buckwheat, or more precisely – from buckwheat by grinding or grinding solid particles of cereal. Unlike wheat flour and rye flour, which is used in cooking everywhere, buckwheat flour and dishes made from it are the lot of gourmets and people who show special concern for their own figure. Baking from it just melts in the mouth and has a delicious taste. In Japan, for example, buckwheat flour produces a popular national delicacy – soba noodles, used with meat, slices of vegetables and rich broth.

Composition and dietary properties of buckwheat flour

Buckwheat flour is characterized by chemical contents, which are characterized by a variety of nutritional components. First of all, it is rich in proteins (15%) and carbohydrates (82%), the lion’s share of which belongs to the category of complex sugars. There is very little fat in this flour – just under 4%. Of the basic organic compounds of the product should be allocated more fiber, ashes.

The vitamin-mineral composition of buckwheat flour has similar features to that of buckwheat itself. The product is saturated with the following biologically active components: group B vitamins, E and a large amount of antioxidant routine. Buckwheat flour contains useful amino acids: glycine, lysine, etc. The number of mineral compounds of the product even outweighs the amount of biologically active substances even slightly: in addition to the products common in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron products, the product can boast the presence of rarer zinc, selenium , molybdenum, manganese, copper, fluorine, cobalt.
Buckwheat flour is a very high-calorie product. In 100 g of this food plant raw material contains about 350 kcal. However, such an impressive energy value does not detract from the dietary properties of delicacies. They are due to the presence in the product:

  • slow sugars, capable for a long time and qualitatively satisfy the feeling of hunger;
  • proteins, stimulating the growth of muscle tissue;
  • vitamins and antioxidants, helping to get rid of excess fat in the body.

In addition, dishes made from buckwheat flour excellently cleanse the internal environment of the body from toxins and toxins – including, at the cellular level. All this testifies to the great possibilities of the product for the acquisition of harmony.

Benefits of buckwheat flour

Delicacy derived from buckwheat, has on human health the most that there is a positive impact, and simultaneously in many aspects.

Dishes from buckwheat flour strengthen immunity, thereby at times suppress the sensitivity of the body to various pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Buckwheat foods raise the level of hemoglobin in the blood, reducing the manifestation of anemia, and the degree of “bad” cholesterol, on the contrary, is reduced. Thanks to the regular intake of buckwheat flour components into the body, the tissues of the body are saturated with oxygen, which causes their breathing to become more active, the metabolism and other biochemical reactions accelerate, and the overall well-being of the gourmet improves.

The presence in the buckwheat flour of vitamin P (routine) allows you to normalize blood pressure by introducing this product into the diet. Among the useful properties of delicacies are also the elimination of edema by removing excess fluid from the body, digestive problems, including constipation and heartburn due to the excellent assimilation of the product. Calcium, phosphorus and proteins, which are rich in buckwheat flour, strengthen hair, bones, nails, teeth, positively affect the mobility of joints. Both the nervous and cardiovascular systems are affected by the beneficial effect of the plant product, since the B vitamins and the already mentioned above routines struggle with insomnia, depression, increase the stress resistance, reduce the risk of heart disease, make the walls of the vessels stronger and more elastic, improve the nerve conduction . Vitamin R, in addition, also dilutes the blood, preventing the formation of blood clots in the capillaries.

The content of antioxidants in buckwheat flour makes it indispensable for people who have poor eyesight and are highly likely to develop cancer. The same vitamins P and E, as well as microelements of selenium, manganese, copper and zinc protect the tissues from cancer cells. They slow down the aging process, helping to look young and beautiful longer.

Constantly eating foods from the buckwheat derivative, you will forget about the acute symptoms of atherosclerosis, arthritis, rheumatism, anxiety, beriberi, bad mood, problems in the work of the reproductive system. Buckwheat flour can be included in the menu to people with allergies to gluten protein.

Recipes with buckwheat flour for weight loss

As you already know, nutritionists recommend the introduction in their diet of dishes made from buckwheat flour to those who dream of getting rid of excess weight or, conversely, slim girls who do not want to grow fat. Take note of several useful dietary recipes for such foods and drinks.

Kefir-buckwheat beverage. Ingredients: kefir low fat content – 250 ml, buckwheat groats – 1 tbsp.

How to cook:

In the evening, pour the buckwheat into the coffee grinder and chop the croup to the state of flour.
Pour the buckwheat powder into a glass, fill it with a sour-milk drink.
Mix the ingredients thoroughly and place the drink in the refrigerator for the whole night.
In the morning, take a buckwheat-kefir drink on an empty stomach.

Do this for two weeks, then stop for a month and repeat the course. For a day a portion of a drink based on buckwheat flour and a sour milk product with a condition to save you from 0.5 kg excess weight.

Buckwheat pancakes. Ingredients: wheat and buckwheat flour – 200 grams, milk – 2.5 cups, sugar and salt – 1 tsp, chicken raw eggs – 3 pieces, water, a little baking soda.

How to cook. Both kinds of flour sift and mix. Pour the milk into a saucepan, dilute it with a little water. Add the resulting mixture of sugar, salt and soda. In different bowls, whisk egg whites and yolks separately using a mixer. Then enter them alternately into the milk-water liquid. Then fill the flour and mix the dough. Bake pancakes on a heated frying pan, greased with vegetable oil.

Buckwheat jelly. Ingredients: boiled water – 1.3 l, buckwheat flour – 3 tbsp.

How to cook. In 300 ml of water, add the sifted flour – gradually and constantly stirring, so that there are no lumps. When the mixture has a uniform consistency, pour into it another 1 liter of warm boiled water. Place the saucepan with this mixture on a slow fire, cook for 5 minutes. Drink twice a day, half an hour before meals.

Lose weight with taste!

How did Zoloft help me?

How to get out of the Pit? Then again get into it … How did Zoloft help me? I’ll tell you everything as it is …


I thought a very long time before publishing this Review. Not every person is able to open the soul as much as I have decided today …

Get ready, because the story will be long.

It all began in 2010. I was cheerful and cheerful, I had a stable job, I signed up for a driving school, recently I went in for sports regularly, went to the gym and attended group classes: step aerobics, strength training, went on strip plastic and oriental dances.

I always considered myself a strong man with a steel character. In my childhood I never got sick, I did not lie in hospitals once, only once in 24 years (there was a stone from the kidney).

At school she was always the first excellent pupil, the class starter.

I entered the University for free (although I studied in absentia), from the third year I already had a stable job. In 2006 I was a certified lawyer.

Why am I writing this?

To make it clearer, how did I “come to this” before?

It all began unexpectedly.

It should be noted that at that time I had been living in a dormitory room (given from work) for 5 years with a neighbor who hated me before death. I tried not to pay attention to her (she was 10 years older than me and did not expect anyone to settle her), but she got up at 5 am and included a FEN! I sprayed with varnish so that I could not breathe, and when she pulled me to work (at 7), I ventilated the room every time and was forced to breathe all this.

I was at work by 8 o’clock, I lived nearby and could sleep until seven in the morning. But nevertheless, at 5 o’clock every day jumped up from her hair dryer (since then this buzz can not stand).

I had a difficult job, but I liked it. I worked in court. Can you imagine what kind of work there was? If not, I’ll tell you. On 15 court hearings a day, a lot of “unsubscribe”, a lot of inquiries, letters and subpoenas. Heavy morally and physically. A state where you do not know what to grab for, always follows you. For the weekend you take work on the house, in the evenings you sit until 8 pm. And so day after day, from year to year. But I never regretted that I worked in the courts. This is the only place where you can gain a full legal experience, which is always useful.

Yes, and the team we had friendly, and this time I remember with warmth.

In addition, I finally began to make money. Not so hot, but I had enough hairpins, I also helped my mother, which at that time did not work.

And it all started, I think, from the driving school.

In 2005 I had an accident. The driver was drunk, I was sitting in the front seat, someone in my arms. The driver was dispersed in earnest and we did not fit into the turn.

I still remember it with horror. The car rolled over onto the roof, no one could open the door. Then someone broke the front glass, and I was able to get out. In addition to the cones on my head, I did not have anything, but since then I have become panicky about traveling by car with great speed, as well as with little-known drivers.

I did not think that these memories would come up when I myself got behind the wheel!

And it happened.

The instructor in the driving school I was young and nervous. I could not do anything, I was nervous at the wheel, my hands were shaking and my heart was beating. Then panic attacks began to follow me. At first I did not quite understand what was happening to me. I thought my heart was in trouble. Then I noticed that my heart “goes” even when I just lay, walked, was at work. At night I could not sleep, I was tormented by terrible insomnia. At first I tried to drink soothing drugs: motherwort, Novo-Passit, Afobazol. But they did not help me.

Then I noticed that I had lost my appetite. Absolutely! I could eat yogurt or a banana during the day, nothing else got into me. Then there was a terrible nausea. I was sick every day and night. By that time, I practically did not eat anything, I lost weight so that all the clothes hung on me. At work, they thought that I had anorexia nervosa.

At home I tried to call an ambulance. But I was told that like there was nothing to invent, they gave glycine and that’s it. I tried to go to doctors, I was put all sorts of diagnoses: from arrhythmia to a hernia of the esophagus. Could not find the cause of nausea, wrote out Cerucal in tablets, but he did not help me.

Girls (and boys), darlings! If you have a breakdown in the heart, insomnia, lack of appetite and nausea – it’s NEUROS! For the most part, all these symptoms are from a disorder of the autonomic nervous system.

I’m writing this so that many will understand that they do not joke with nerves! I in life could not believe that this will happen to me! I passed a bunch of doctors, lay in several hospitals, but the final diagnosis was put to me after a long time. And this disease just does not go away, just fail to “rest”. The treatment is very long and difficult. A medication should be picked up by a highly qualified doctor, ideally a psychotherapist, or a neurologist. Also here will help a psychiatrist.

So, by the end of 2010, I was already barely dragging my feet. The driving school had to be left for the period of treatment (I got the right after 8 months). At the time I was weighing 50 kilograms, although I was always a chubby girl.

I was shaking in the literal sense of the word, I did not eat anything, could not go out, could not go to work. Then they put me in the hospital for the first time. Due to the fact that I had nausea as one of the symptoms, I was identified in the infectious department. Have diagnosed “a vegeto-vascular dystonia”. Treated with droppers, at night did Relanium. Have made EGF to exclude any gastric disease. Did or made cardiograms, pulse was for 100 always. That’s all the treatment.

Then I go to therapy. There, too, not particularly bother, the diagnosis was the same. They also put cervical osteochondrosis. As if from the neck I can shake and vomit! I lay there for 2 weeks and before the New Year I was discharged home.

After the New Year, I ended up in a neurological department.

That’s where they found out in me “their” patient!

My attending physician is available to me explained that, against the backdrop of chronic stress, the entire vegetative system has completely decayed me, and that the treatment will be long. How did she tell me that I have her “is the fifth of the court”, and that the work in the courts is very nervous.

They treated me with the same droppers, at night they gave me fenozepam so that I would sleep.

Upon termination of treatment to me have written out:

– Antidepressant Cipralex or Selectrou 5 mg in the morning for 6 months

– Neuromultivitis (vitamins of group B)

– Afobazol 3 months

– Therapeutic exercise constantly

– Observation at the neurologist at the place of residence.

I started treatment. I bought antidepressants (I drank Selectra for half a tablet, it is cheaper than Tipraplex), instead of Neuromultivitis I took Multitabs Antistress, saw Afobazol.

From work I had to quit, I just could not live in the same rhythm of life, moved to live with my mother, HOME! It was easier for me to regain consciousness there.

Gradually, slowly I began to “poke around”, a little to recover. I cleaned at home (little by little), read positive literature, my favorite “Cosmopolitan”, re-read the old issues, which I had accumulated enough.

Spring came, and with it I began to revive. Of course, I drank the medicine every day. Gradually it became easier. After months 5 after the beginning of treatment I finally came to my senses. I got a job (again in court, but there was less workload), life again became the same.

I got better both literally and figuratively. She gained weight again. Weighed 73 kilos! The organism, exhausted by hunger, was typed impetuously. Moreover, I, frightened by the recent lack of appetite, worked his snacks and sweets.

Life was getting better.

In the spring of 2012, I became pregnant. And although the child was not part of my plans, I was very happy about it. At that time I was almost 28 years old, there were no prospects for marriage, but I always knew that I would have a child, and that it would be a girl.

At the fourth week of pregnancy, MEAN started a terrible toxicosis. I vomited 40 times a day, at night I did not sleep because of nausea. Beginning endless rows of hospitals.

For the first month, I threw off 15 kilograms, and then the weight continued to decline.

I did not even have water in me. But even here another surprise awaited me – NEUROSE returned to me! I was ready to put up with all the inconveniences of toxicosis, but not neurosis!

Again everything came back: I was shaking, my pulse was 200, I was afraid and panic, you can not describe everything. But I was carrying a baby! No medicine is allowed!

I will not describe everything: I will only say that it was 9 months of hell, I will not wish anyone what I transferred. I drank some medicine (if I’m interested, I’ll write), otherwise I would not just endure the child, unable to withstand this depression.

But my birth was relatively normal. I gave birth to a daughter! My little princess!

Now I have the meaning of life.

After childbirth, I breastfed the baby for a year. Estesstvenno, no drug. Cope on my own. Of course, the constant lack of sleep and experiences for the child did not contribute to a speedy recovery, but I managed. Gradually, she came to herself.

When I finished feeding, I went to a neurologist. She wrote me Teraldzhen. It was a rescue: I began to sleep better, and I felt much calmer.

When the baby was 1.5 years old, I went to work. It should be noted that I changed jobs. But since I was always a perfectionist, I tried to get my job done “excellent” for that and paid for another NEUROISM.

And by that time I started driving, so I was very nervous. My daughter had to be sent to the kindergarten, she began to get sick all the time. I was torn between work and an eternally sick child. Plus winter has come, and on a winter road I am even more nervous about steel.

ALL RETURNED: insomnia, tachycardia, inhuman fear and panic. I was afraid to go out into the street, to work, I completely lost my appetite!

I knew that a “simple” doctor in my case would not help. I immediately went to a psychiatrist.

What surprised me, the doctor (man) did not make round eyes, but after listening. appointed me Zoloft.

About the benefits of Omega-3 fats

Everyone on hearing is called “Omega-3 fatty acids”. Indeed, of all the fats, these have been most popular. But for what are they so favored by nutritionists, nutritionalians, fitness trainers and admirers of a healthy lifestyle? Let’s figure it out. And we suggest starting from the very beginning – with the role of fats in our diet and with what they are.

Let it be fat!

For a long time, the recommendations of nutritionists, fitness trainers and nutritiologists included a mandatory item: avoid fat! It was believed that they are the main threat of harmony, and it is the excess fat that is deposited in adipose tissue. Now the lipophobia period has passed. Science and practice proved that the main enemy of slender waists and flat tummies are not fats, but carbohydrates.

If the energy extracted from them is not used, it is immediately stored in fat cells and is located in places that become problematic from this. Therefore, lipophobia quickly changed to carbophobia. And fats have become part of the cherished formula of healthy nutrition – BJU. After all, thanks to fats, the body can absorb vitally important vitamins – A, E, K, D. They are fat-soluble.

That’s why you need to add a little fat to the carrot juice – otherwise you will indulge the taste buds, and beta-carotene will not be digested. From the lack of fat in the diet suffer joints, hair dry up and become brittle, on the skin appear rashes. And this can lead to an acceleration of catabolic processes in the body. So fat in the diet – yes! It is important only to know which one.

Art is divided into three

All fats are divided into three large classes – trans fats, saturated and unsaturated fats. Absolute taboos are superimposed only on the first of the list.

  • Trans fats. Unlike other species, trans fats are harmful in any amount. They contain absolutely no useful substances, and at the same time they are capable of increasing the level of bad cholesterol, slowing down the processes of excretion of degradation products, contributing to the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system, and the like. In America, a special program has been introduced, aimed at excluding such substances from food production. Most trans fats are found in fast food, baked goods, snacks and semi-finished products.
  • Saturated fats. They are found in products of animal origin, as well as in two vegetable oils – palm and coconut. There is a stereotype that the consumption of animal fat and these oils should be avoided, they are very harmful. In fact, this is half-truth. Yes, saturated fats are not as useful as unsaturated fats. They really can help raise the level of cholesterol in the blood and significantly increase the risk of obesity. But only if their diet is too much. In a moderate amount of saturated fats are useful and even necessary – only they contain vitamin A. Without it, immunity will weaken, cells can not recover qualitatively. In addition, it is this vitamin that helps maintain a stable hormonal background. So do not exclude from your diet saturated fats, but monitor their quantity. They should account for one third of all fats that make up the diet. Leave the remaining two thirds unsaturated.
  • Unsaturated fats. The main functions that are assigned to unsaturated fats are to suppress inflammatory processes and maintain the body in a tonus. Their peculiarity is that they do not lead to obesity. And also that the organism can not produce them on its own. These substances can enter it only from the outside. It is to the unsaturated class that the “family” of omega-3 fatty acids refers: Omega-3, 6 and 9. The most useful of these doctors are Omega-3 fatty acids.

The Benefits of Omega-3 Fats

  • Omega-3 acids protect the vessels from the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. This means that the cardiovascular system is reliably protected, and the risk of heart attack, stroke and pressure problems is reduced. Moreover, American scientists have proved that a sufficient amount of these fatty acids in the diet is able to protect even from Alzheimer’s disease. They also improve cognitive functions of the brain (memory, perception) and stimulate brain activity. If any of these diseases or conditions have already occurred, Omega-3 will facilitate the exit from them and speed up the rehabilitation.
  • Omega-3 is considered an excellent antioxidant. They inhibit the aging of cells and improve their ability to renew. In addition, there is an opinion that this property also reduces the risk of oncological diseases.
  • Omega-3 affects the stability of a person’s psychological state. People who consume sufficient amounts of omega-3 fatty acids are less prone to apathy and depressive states. They will also help in the syndrome of chronic fatigue, fatigue, disability.
  • Fatty acids of this type have a valuable property for maintenance of harmony property – they suppress appetite and reduce the production of insulin. They will be appreciated by those who do sports. Omega-3 can increase the endurance of the body and improve its overall tone.
  • The positive properties of these acids were noted by cosmetologists. People whose diet is rich in Omega-3, good skin, they do not have problems with hair and nails. So these acids can be safely called the acids of beauty.

Where to look?

Omega-3 fatty acids are found in different foods. For example, there are a lot of them in the fish of fatty varieties. First of all it is trout, salmon, sardines, herring, anchovy, tuna, etc. Good sources of such substances will be vegetable oils, mainly flaxseed, rapeseed, walnut and wheat germ. There are Omega-3s also in chicken eggs. These fatty acids are also found in broccoli, green soybeans, nuts and many other foods.

To get the daily rate of these fatty acids, you can, for example, include in the diet of any of the following list:

  • 1 tbsp. rapeseed oil,
  • 1 tbsp. flaxseed oil,
  • 1 tbsp. flax seeds,
  • 8 nuts,
  • 70 g of salmon,
  • 90 g of canned sardines,
  • 120 g of canned tuna.

Omega-3 is popular not only as a component of a healthy diet, but also as a biologically active supplement to it. Once cod liver oil was taken in its pure form, but now the useful acids are packed in a shell, which reliably conceals the unpleasant taste and smell of the contents. Just one capsule will cover the daily need for fatty acids! However, it is better to try to build your menu so that it has enough Omega-3. We assure you, it is possible.

Omega-3 in the diet

Thinking through the menu, it is important to consider not only the amount of essential fatty acids, but also how well they will master. In other words, to get the maximum effect, provide a decent company for Omega-3. Here are a few unbeatable options.

  1. Replace sunflower oil with other vegetable oils rich in Omega-3. For example, walnut, sesame, rape, linseed. Of course, their tastes will need to get used to. On the other hand, the same set of vegetables will have a different taste, if you fill it with different oils.
  2. Eat fish. Nutritionists say that it should be present in the diet at least three times a week – this is the absolute minimum. The more often, the better. And it should be fresh, not frozen.
  3. Start the morning with a spoonful of flaxseed. This will provide a daily rate of Omega-3 and may be the most successful option for those who find it difficult to switch to unaccustomed to taste vegetable oils. Another way to apply flax seeds is to add them to salads, cereals or any other dishes. Seeds can be used as a whole, and chopped – for example, in a coffee grinder.
  4. Add nuts and seeds to the usual dishes. Macadamia, pecans, almonds, walnuts and pumpkin seeds are rich in Omega-3 fats, so they will not only be tasty, but also a useful addition to a salad of vegetables or fruits, meat, porridge and other dishes. In addition, they will get a great snack.
  5. Eat more vegetables and greens, rich in Omega-3. Spinach, broccoli, Brussels and cauliflower, radish, Jerusalem artichoke, oregano, marjoram and basil – in all these gifts of nature, too, many essential fatty acids. Vegetarians and vegans know this well, which in large numbers include them in their menu.

How to stop eating on emotions?

Negative emotions and stresses are dangerous not only for their exhausting action on the body, but also for the fact that the person testing them often starts to eat a lot. A “seizing” of stress and negative emotions inevitably leads to the appearance of extra pounds, which do not add a slender figure. In order to avoid such troubles, it is important to learn to take yourself in time. What can be done to stop eating on emotions?

Why do people seek to get rid of stress through various sweets and other high-calorie foods?

The human body seems to be programmed to quickly pass the shelves with useful vegetables and fruits and go to the trays with fragrant baking. Why does this happen? It’s very simple – when a person consumes carbohydrate-rich foods rich in fat and sugar, a stimulating center of pleasure of dopamine begins to be developed in his brain. And, as you know, anyone wants to systematically enjoy, so he does not deny himself a wide variety of sweets. However, the systematic use of fatty foods and sweets can increase not only the level of dopamine, but also the level of a number of other substances related to pleasure.

The desire to eat during stress something sweet is also scientifically justified – when using all sorts of sweets in the human body begins to develop and responsible for a surge in energy cortisol. Also, the researchers managed to establish that a person is inclined to abuse precisely those dishes with which he has the most pleasant memories, because this is one of the ways to at least briefly return to those very happy times! So there is something to think about!

Learn how to determine how much you want to eat

The most important thing in this difficult matter is to learn how to distinguish the emotional hunger from the real. This will make it possible to understand whether you really want to eat at one time or another, and stop the endless “seizing” of stress. In fact, it is not so difficult to do this – emotional hunger always appears suddenly, and it is almost impossible to endure it. And he almost always leaves a feeling of guilt.

Not bad helps and evaluation of their own feelings of hunger on a ten-point scale, in which one means “I absolutely do not want to eat,” and a dozen – “I’m ready to swallow an elephant.” In this case, you should try to honestly answer yourself to the question of whether you really want to eat right now or if you just need to have a light meal. In about a couple of weeks, this simple tactic will necessarily bring the first positive results, because with its help it will not be difficult to learn to “slow down” in time, which in turn will help to avoid the extremely undesirable overeating.

It is equally important to constantly maintain in the body and a sufficiently high level of responsible for good mood substances. To do this, it is desirable to eat foods that contain good carbohydrates (various fruits, legumes, whole grains, etc.) and healthy fats (they can always be obtained from fish, olive oil and almonds). But heavy and fatty food, attractively peeking out of the refrigerator, it makes sense to force other products.

Time for reflection

Before you start the next meal, it’s worth giving yourself ten or twenty minutes for meditation, that is, if you want you can take and eat any tasty morsel, but not earlier than after this time! This waiting period is a kind of buffer between food and man.

Do not try to seduce yourself once again by spreading delicious cakes or sweets on the table, and all the chocolates stored at home can be safely placed in the freezer, so that before they can eat it, you have to spend a certain amount of time to defrost them. And there, who knows, perhaps, already will not want chocolate. By the way, this is a very effective method of destroying the scheme of emotional gluttony!

The unique STOP technique

Psychologists recommend using enough effective technique “STOP” to combat overeating, including several consecutive steps. First you need to stop and take a deep breath to concentrate, that is, as soon as the first signs of stress appear, you should immediately stop and stop any action. And only after that you can take a deep breath. This action is performed several times – slowly inhale air, and then exhale it is necessary until the state is normalized. Then you should realize all your feelings and thoughts. As soon as clarity of thought is found, you can immediately continue interrupted earlier actions. And there is no longer want to!


Unhurried walks are one of the simplest and at the same time incredibly effective “medicines” for fighting negative emotions. Getting an impressive portion of fresh air, the body comes back to normal much faster. That’s why at the first opportunity, experts recommend going on foot to the nearest park or park. In doing so, during a walk, you must think about something positive and good – after a while, the stress will evaporate by itself, as if it did not exist at all. If you start to mentally go deep into the problems, you can only aggravate the situation. The slow rhythm of the steps will help to calm down quickly and tune in to inner harmony, and the nervous system will gradually begin to come out of the stressful state.

A diary

To stop “seizing” stress can help and maintain a diary – in no case should you keep negative emotions in yourself! Of course, you can open your fears and fears to a close friend, but not always and not everyone has such an opportunity. And do not always want to devote other people to their own problems. The most optimal option in this situation will be the diary – a description of the current situation will help not only look at it from the side, but also distract from the edible. And when all the negative will be splashed onto the paper, the tension will gradually go away, and it will be much easier to pull yourself together. Moreover, often this approach helps to find solutions to a particular problem. Psychologists claim that keeping a diary is one of the best ways to control overcoming emotions.

It is important not to forget that constant experiences, carried somewhere in the depths of the soul, can lead to the development of all kinds of ailments. So do not all save in yourself – any emotions must certainly be given a way!

Physical exercises

In the process of training, the human body receives a powerful charge of vivacity, which means that during any experience it makes sense to go for a small jog or exercise yourself with any physical exercises. Concentration on physical exertion helps to significantly reduce stress. By the way, in this difficult matter even such a relatively quiet sport as a game of chess can help!

An excellent assistant in the fight against overeating will be yoga – it not only helps to strengthen different muscle groups, but also in every possible way tends to calm. The body during the yoga classes gradually relaxes, and the feelings and thoughts are ordered. Both sport and yoga in every possible way contribute to the reduction of the stress hormone, which is why after such activities a person becomes calm and free from negative emotions.
All of the above does not at all mean that you must immediately begin to exhaust yourself with enormous loads – it is enough to limit yourself to half an hour of fitness or yoga or a short jog.

Talking to yourself

This is another effective technique that helps to avoid the insidious “seizing” of stress and consists in the forced interruption of the vicious circle of thoughts. To do this as quickly as possible, you need to ask yourself the question: “How can I look at the situation differently?”. That is, any situation should be viewed and assessed from several sides at once – this will allow not only to take oneself in hand and tune into a constructive way, but also to find solutions to the problem.

Do not immediately go to the refrigerator under the influence of emotions – better try using the above recommendations and techniques, because in order to cope with the negative, it is not at all necessary to weave for both cheeks high-calorie chocolates and sweet buns!

Local fat burning: is it possible?

“I’m losing weight by the summer – I started to rock the press.” Surely you have often heard, or even say this phrase. Coaches do not stop repeating that this simply does not happen, because it can not be. But, nevertheless, the pumping press does not become less – as well as confident that they managed to achieve the goal.

At once we will say: we are not going to doubt that someone has turned out. Because they are sure: the one who shook the press, surely measured only the waist, not all the parameters of the body. And the load, albeit small, still speeds up the metabolism, the energy costs are rising, the person, without paying attention to it, refuses the buns and biscuits (and, really, does he shake the press?), Etc.

In short, it loses weight, but not only in the waist, but everywhere. And a flatter belly does not mean that all fat has melted on it – taut muscles do wonders! In short, we readily believe that the tummy has become flat. But the fact that fat burned only on it, and in the rest of the places everything remained as it was, – no. And that’s why.

How do we grow thin?

Before proceeding to the arguments as to why this is not possible, let’s remember how weight loss generally occurs. So, what does the fatty layer consist of? This is the tissue of the body, the bulk of which are fat cells – lipocytes.

The presence of a fat layer in a person is normal. It protects the body from the cold and creates an “untapped reserve” in case of cold snap (therefore, by the way, we are getting fat by the winter, and by the spring we are losing weight), hunger or nuclear winter. The layer is the result of evolution, an archaic mechanism for protecting the body, so important that for thousands of years that have passed since the construction of the first dwelling and the manufacture of first clothes, it has not died out yet.

That’s why the body continues to store even now, when it is not necessary. People move little, they are warmed, there is a lot of food and it is available. But the body is a super efficient system, aimed at preserving and multiplying the received wealth. Therefore, excess energy is not utilized, but packed in lipocytes and sent to warehouses, the locations of which are familiar to everyone – in the thighs, buttocks, abdomen, upper arms, etc. – wait for the nuclear winter.

And since it has not, fortunately, come yet, stocks from warehouses are not used, and their volumes are growing. The only way to get rid of stocks is to finally spend them on something. There are two ways that you can take advantage of.

  • The first is to cut energy inputs from the outside and force the body to serve itself only from stocks. This is the wrong way. As we remember, the body is aimed at preserving and multiplying, so giving away the accumulated will be with a scratch and learn how to save literally on everything. So fast weight loss will stop just as quickly, and the first piece of food will be transformed into reserves – and so for a long time. As a result – the effect of yo-yo and a few kilograms in excess of the original weight. So, just in case.
  • The second way is to increase the energy consumption. That is, to begin to move more and to perform the most energy-intensive operations. At first, of course, the body will be greedy, but if you are eating normally, he will understand that you can and shell out – no threat from the outside is not expected. Increasing the expenditure of energy in combination with a reasonable reduction in the caloric content of the diet will eventually lead to the fact that a reserve from the warehouses will be left to cover the resulting energy deficit, and you will begin to lose weight.

Then everything is simple. Fat in the cell breaks down into fatty acids and glycerin. Acids along with blood are sent to muscle tissue, and there they are oxidized and converted into energy. Waste products are derived from the cell. This is how the process of losing weight looks from the point of view of physiology. Now let’s see why one can not become thinner only in one place.

Local weight loss: two arguments “against”

Argument number 1. Fat is covered with the whole human body. The division of it into zones is very conditional. Blood and lymph vessels, skin and all the same subcutaneous fat tissue are the same systems working on the entire area of the human body. It is impossible to lose weight only on the waist – because it simply does not exist, but there is all the fiber.

In addition, the key concept of weight loss is not “subcutaneous fatty tissue”, but “energy deficiency”. From what kind of warehouse the body will order to roll out the barrel with fat, it is not known. He has stock, distributed throughout the body. It is quite reasonable not to gut one store, but take a little from everywhere, so that in the event of an unforeseen situation, in each of them there would be something for a rainy day.

Argument number 2. By the way, about warehouses. Not all of them are equally expensive to the body. Among them there are no unimportant – there are important and very important. Take for example the female body – it is more indicative in this regard. Usually women are unhappy with the deposits on the hips and abdomen. Whatever it is done, these zones will still be wanted to improve, because bringing them to an ideal state is not so easy. And this is not accidental. From these warehouses the body takes fat very reluctantly.

The deposits in the abdomen and thighs are a strategic reserve aimed at preserving the ability to reproduce, protecting the fetus and maintaining the viability of the woman during the feeding of the baby, when she can not effectively extract food. To force the body to give the stock from this place is an attempt to outplay the evolution. But this is impossible. It’s easier to launch increased power consumption and begin to take out stocks from all warehouses – including strategically important ones.

Argument “for”

Nevertheless, there is an opinion that it is possible to lose weight only in one place. To do this, it is necessary to ensure two conditions – a high concentration of fat-destroying adrenaline in the blood and the influx of large amounts of blood to the zone, which is “dried”.

For example, you can begin training with interval cardio sessions, and then work with the right muscle: 30 seconds of intense exercise plus 30 seconds of rest. This is one series. In one set three series. For a day you should perform at least 10 sets, you can for several times. In general, this method is similar to the technique of pumping, which bodybuilders have been using for a long time and successfully.

This method has a significant drawback. To succeed, one should rigorously adhere to all the details (and there are a lot of them). A person who does not have special education, this is hardly possible. And because of the fact that in our country this approach is not very popular, the specifics of its application are not known to all coaches.

However, there is another way to get rid of fat in a certain area of the body. It involves training all muscles with a special focus on muscle development in the problem area. Shock loading on the press, performed on the background of working out the muscles of the whole body, will allow to get rid of fat on the stomach faster. Of course, this is not really a local fat burning. But if you do not be lazy and provide the muscles with a good load, the result will not take long.

So all those who are planning to rock the press to the summer and catch up, we wish good luck! Complete your press program with exercises for the remaining muscle groups, and, quite possibly, the result will exceed all your expectations.

Stress and overweight: is there a connection?

Whichever article you lose on weight, the list of causes will accurately stress, and in the list of solutions – the stabilization of the psychoemotional state. This material is no exception. We will also call this reason and look for ways to deal with it. But, in addition, we will try to understand the details of such a connection and the principles on which it is built. So, is there a direct relationship between the level of stress in a person’s life and clothing size?

Definitely yes. Let’s take a closer look at how this happens.

Cakes are rushing to the rescue

People tend to eat stress. This habit is formed in infancy. Watch your mother, who is nursing a baby. What does she do if the baby cries or can not fall asleep? That’s right, gives him a breast or a mixture. A person grows, but his habit of popping something edible remains in a difficult situation in his mouth. Only with time, breast milk or kashka is replaced with dishes more seriously, which affects the weight and appearance. However, there are exceptions.

Among your acquaintances for certain there will be a couple of people who are losing weight in stress. Such people in difficult situations simply forget to eat or eat much less than usual. But in the overwhelming majority of cases, everything is exactly the opposite. Scientists say that the top places on the list of anti-stress products are chocolate, pizza and fast food like hamburgers. In addition, people suffering from psychological discomfort drink alcohol harmfulness.

As a result, it turns out quite useless and very high-calorie mixture. A high glycemic index of foods leads to the fact that the famine ceases for a short time, and soon the person has to eat another portion or two. The result: a search for calories, fats and carbohydrates, as well as a shortage of protein. Add to this a slow metabolism and low energy consumption (most often stressful lovers of food do not go to workouts) – and weight gain will occur swiftly.

The highest body mass index is for those who tend to look for comfort in the refrigerator in moments of sadness. It is interesting that men and women embark on all the hard in different situations. So, the representatives of the stronger sex are very worried because of problems at work or divorce. And women – because of a lack of emotional support. Thus, men suffer from stress-overeating much less than the fair sex.

Adrenal stress versus stress

Austrian scientists have conducted a study and found a direct relationship between the level of stress and the production of the hormone cortisol in the body. In a complex psychological situation, the gene responsible for the accumulation of fat stores (an important moment – in the abdominal region) is changing. This happens under the influence of cortisol – the hormone causes the gene to change! The picture is as follows:

  • The body captures the state of stress (which for him means unfavorable conditions that threaten stable functioning),
  • Reacts to this by increased production of cortisol,
  • The hormone affects the gene and causes it to change,
  • The gene triggers fat accumulation processes to provide the body with a margin of safety in case the situation does not change.

The adrenal glands are involved in the production of cortisol. This hormone is involved in many metabolic processes, including those due to which people gain weight. Because of cortisol, blood sugar levels are rising, fat is being stored in stores, and protein decomposition processes are faster. Cortisol is also called a stress hormone. It is traditionally considered to be “male” hormones.

In addition to these functions, he performs one more – increases psychological stability and helps to cope with difficult situations. But only under one condition – if its content in the body is within the norm. With prolonged stress, cortisol becomes too much, the accumulation of fat stores is gaining momentum, and overweight appears. Receptors to cortisol are located in the waist region, and stocks “for a rainy day” are postponed here.

Above we have already mentioned the metabolic processes. It is important to note that cortisol affects their speed. The increased secretion of this hormone slows down the metabolism. Against the background of excessive consumption of nutrients, inhibition of metabolism leads to the fact that more and more fat cells are deposited in the “reserve”.

It is interesting that women with a broad waist allocate more cortisol in response to an unfavorable situation than ladies with a narrow waist. That is, the fuller the woman, the more cortisol and, therefore, the more likely to get better. And scientists from the University of California have established: the body of women who love fatty foods, develops more cortisol in difficult situations. And then in a circle: more cortisol – more fat, more fat – more cortisol …

What to do?

There are at least three outlets from this situation. Try them individually, and ideally – make your good habits all the listed ways to combat stress-obesity.

  1. Stabilize the emotional state. Eliminate the very cause of the problem. Switch to other things. Help someone who is worse now than you. Walk, play sports, communicate with interesting people, take time to your family, go shopping, after all. Any activity that brings you pleasure will do. If you feel the need, consult a psychologist. He will tell you how to calm down, and, if necessary, will be able to give advice on the correction of eating behavior. All these manipulations are best spent away from home and refrigerator.
  2. Change food habits. Do not seek to get rid of all the harmful immediately. Take out once in two weeks or a month and slowly, slowly, make them a part of your life. Fat and sweet exclude from the menu first – do not give cortisol any chance.
  3. Stock up the allowed. If you are not a superman, you will still have to spend some time between the two worlds – with bad habits and without them. In itself, this situation is stressful, and instead of bringing up love for salad leaves, you will be in the habit of chewing something. Let this be something that is as harmless as possible. Low-fat protein, black (at least 75% cocoa) chocolate, a few nuts, a handful of berries – you can eat all these snacks instead of milk chocolate, pizza and hamburgers. Try to cheat. Eat, for example, apricot and do not throw away the bone, but roll it in your mouth like a candy. It is possible that your body will not even have enough food, but that there is something in the mouth – in the same way a child calms down and falls asleep with a pacifier.
  4. Look for other pleasures. Every minute, when you want to have a bite from stress, remember: it’s cortisol. The body asks for no sandwich or a slice of cheesecake. He asks for a hormone, a chemical compound. So if you do not give him another sandwich or a candy one time, the next time you want them less. And the hormones of joy – serotonin and endorphin – can be obtained from other sources: sports (“muscle joy” and the development of oxytocin will benefit you.), Communication, recreation.
  5. Retrain the body. Reducing the production of cortisol is real. To begin with, increase physical activity and try to eat more vegetables and fruits. This will cause the fatty layer to decrease. As a consequence, the production of cortisol will decrease, this will reduce the craving for food, which means that you will not overeat or grow fat.


Xenical in the complex therapy of metabolic syndrome

The problem of pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and approaches to the therapy of metabolic syndrome (MS) attracts the attention of many endocrinologists.

This is explained by the fact that one of the most important components of this syndrome is a violation of carbohydrate metabolism, which can manifest as type 2 diabetes, or a violation of glucose tolerance (latent diabetes mellitus). Very often in clinical practice, when providing medical care to patients suffering from type 2 diabetes, the endocrinologist calls attention to the identification and conduct of drug correction of other manifestations of metabolic syndrome (MS) – arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, etc.

His views on this problem were shared by the head of the Department of Diabetology of the National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education named after P.L. Shupika, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Mankovsky Boris Nikitich.

In recent years, the problem of metabolic syndrome is extremely topical. Most doctors already know about the main criteria on the basis of which this state is determined. First of all, cardiologists and endocrinologists are aware of these criteria and methods of treatment of patients with metabolic syndrome. In your opinion, how can one avoid and with what it is necessary to start treatment of the metabolic syndrome?

Indeed, in recent years, the attention of clinicians and scientists has been attracted by mechanisms of development and approaches to the therapy of the so-called metabolic syndrome – a complex of clinical, pathophysiological and laboratory disorders, many of which develop in parallel. It should be noted that the presence of these deviations occurs more often than could be expected from the theory of probability.

The manifestations of this syndrome include the following pathologies: type 2 diabetes mellitus (or impaired glucose tolerance), insulin resistance, arterial hypertension (AH), obesity (by android type with predominant deposition of adipose tissue in the anterior abdominal region Walls), dyslipidemia (increased triglyceride content, lowering of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in blood plasma), prothrombotic shifts in blood coagulation properties (increase in tissue inhibitor activity th plasminogen-1, von Willebrand factor, fibrinogen), endothelial dysfunction (including microalbuminuria), increased levels of uric acid in blood plasma, liver, fatty liver (non-alcoholic steatogepatoz), activation of general inflammation. Thus, the combination of the listed characteristics in one person allowed us to talk about the existence of a common, so-called metabolic syndrome, which leads to the development of such changes.

What is the important concept of the metabolic syndrome?

First, the concept of metabolic syndrome (MS) stimulates physicians to find other nosological units in the patient. So, if the patient has obesity and hypertension, you should check the blood glucose level and, possibly, make a test for glucose tolerance; If diabetes and obesity – you should think about AG. So, if a person, often develop different diseases at the same time, should (if possible) quickly diagnose them.

Secondly, in people with metabolic syndrome, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and high cardiovascular risk (CVR) are increased. Whether the increase in CWR is caused by the components of the metabolic syndrome or whether there is a certain “independent contribution” of the metabolic syndrome as such – the question is controversial, there is no answer to it yet. In any case, it must be remembered that patients with metabolic syndrome are patients with high CVR.

How to diagnose a metabolic syndrome?

In the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, the criteria proposed in the United States in 2001 (ATP III) and the principles approved by the World Federation of Diabetes Mellitus (IDF) in 2005 are most often used. According to the proposals of ATP III for the diagnosis of MS, it is necessary to identify three or more of the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal obesity (abdominal circumference exceeds 102 cm in men and 88 cm in women);
  • An increase in triglyceride levels in the blood plasma of more than 150 mg / dl (1.69 mmol / l);
  • Reduction in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol: in men less than 40 mg / dl (1.03 mmol / L), in women less than 50 mg / dL (1.29 mmol / L);
  • Arterial hypertension (increase in blood pressure above 130/85 mm Hg);
  • Hyperglycemia on an empty stomach is more than 110 mg / dl (5.6 mmol / l).

The approach proposed by ATP III is very convenient and easy to apply in clinical practice (even in normal, non-specialized laboratories).

According to the consensus proposed by IDF, the presence of abdominal obesity (central, android, called “obesity” by the type of apple) is mandatory for the diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome.

What is the cause of the metabolic syndrome?

Today there are two opinions about the causes of metabolic syndrome (MS). Some researchers suggest that obesity (excess body weight) leads to the development of metabolic syndrome. According to this opinion, overweight is not only a cosmetic defect, but also the accumulation of adipose tissue (and fat tissue, as shown by recent studies, is very metabolically active). Thus, adipocytes visceral fat produce a number of biologically active substances (leptin, free fatty acid, TNF-α, insulin-like growth factor, plasminogen activator inhibitor, angiotensinogen, angiotensin II, interleukins, prostaglandins, estrogens) that promote the previously described manifestations of the metabolic syndrome . Proceeding from the foregoing, obesity is not only the most important component of the metabolic syndrome, but also, apparently, a significant etiologic factor of this pathology.

Other researchers are inclined to believe that the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome is based on a decrease in the sensitivity of tissues to the action of insulin, the so-called insulin resistance. insulin interaction problem with the target tissues, mechanisms of insulin resistance in the background of both normal and abnormal carbohydrate metabolism attracted special attention of endocrinologists.

The question of whether insulin resistance is secondary to obesity (as most people think) or insulin resistance can be on its own – remains unresolved until now. In any case, obesity is an important component of the metabolic syndrome.

In order to get rid of or reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS), it is necessary to motivate patients to lose weight and, thus, to correct the metabolic syndrome. Indeed, the only universal method of treating metabolic syndrome is a lifestyle modification (reduction in body weight, increase physical activity). If patients followed the recommendations of doctors, they would not have to prescribe medication (or it would have to be prescribed less often than it is now prescribed). Therefore, weight loss (weight loss) is the “cornerstone” of therapy for the metabolic syndrome.

It turns out that it is worth the patient with any pathology, when it comes to the metabolic syndrome, to do correction of his body weight – it becomes possible to avoid complications of the underlying disease, and the need for a diagnosis of “metabolic syndrome” will go away on its own.

To make my answer more clear, I want to cite the results of the ORLICARDIA study (The ORLIstat and CARDIOVATIC risk profile in patients with metabolic syndrome and type 2 DIAbetes (ORLICARDIA) study), conducted in 2003. The study showed a decrease in body weight (MT) and waist circumference (RT) by 2.5 kg and 2.3 cm, respectively, when used as a low-calorie reduced diet therapy. Against the background of taking Orlistat (“Xenical“) in a dose of 120 mg 3 times a day after meals, a decrease in MT and RT by 6 kg and 7.2 cm, respectively, was observed together with a hypocaloric diet (GCD).

Thus, patients who received orlistat, lost weight (reduced body weight) by 6% against 2.5% in patients who adhered to only a hypocaloric diet. This decrease in body weight led to the fact that 35% of people in this group could not diagnose the metabolic syndrome because they not only decreased their body weight, but also left other signs of metabolic syndrome (blood pressure decreased, lipid parameters improved Exchange, blood glucose levels, etc.), which allowed to make a diagnosis.

How to achieve such a reduction in body weight?

To effectively reduce weight, an integrated approach is required. First of all, it is a moderate hypocaloric diet with a deficiency of 500-600 calories per day, a reduced fat content in food up to 20-30%, a hypolipidemic diet (the permissible content of saturated fats should not exceed 10%), increased physical activity that contributes to more Expressed by a decrease in body weight and allows you to keep it at the reached level. Unfortunately, the hypocaloric diet itself and in itself the expansion of physical activity does not always help to actually reduce body weight. Therefore, doctors would like to have in the arsenal of drugs that will help patients reduce body weight. In this regard, there is a big problem, because, unfortunately, the drugs, which were placed high hopes for weight loss, were unsafe. Let me give you some examples.

The drug Rimonobant, which was eagerly awaited by the pharmaceutical market in Europe, including our market, did not come out, since its purpose was associated with an increased risk of suicidal reactions. Another drug that was already on the market and actively used, including in our country, is Sibutramine. This drug was recently withdrawn from the pharmaceutical market, as a result of a large multicenter study, SCOUT (Sibutramine Cardiovascular Outcomes Data), in which the task was to study the possible reduction in cardiovascular risk (CVR) by prescribing this drug, showed the opposite (CWR, not only Decreased, but on the contrary – increased).

Thus, to date, of drugs that reduce body weight, we have at our disposal only one drug with proven efficacy.

What kind of preparation is it?

This drug orlistat (Xenical), which I mentioned earlier.

What is the mechanism of action of this drug?

Xenical blocks 30% of pancreatic lipases – enzymes that break down fats in the lumen of the intestine. Accordingly, if enzymes do not split 30% of fats eaten by a person, they are not absorbed (only simple molecules can absorb in the intestine). This means that a person learned 30% less fat. This is the mechanism of losing weight.

It is very important to note that this drug is not a systemic action, since it is not absorbed in the lumen of the intestine and does not enter the blood.

What is the effectiveness of Xenical?

I have already talked about reducing the manifestations of the metabolic syndrome (MS) against the backdrop of using Xenical. Due to what? In the previous study, it was also shown that patients who used Xenical lost weight more effectively than those who only observed the diet. For example, according to the study, a pronounced effect on body weight (a decrease of 5%) was noted in 87% of patients receiving Xenical, and in 50% there was a 10% decrease in weight.

Talking about losing weight, we can not and should not strive to achieve an ideal body weight. Very good is considered a decrease in body weight by 5%, excellent – by 10%.

Recently completed a four-year international double-blind study of Xendos involving 3305 patients with obesity. His results showed that the use of Xenical in a dose of 120 mg 3 times a day compared with placebo significantly reduces body weight (p <0.001) and significantly reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (a decrease of 52% in the orlistat group according to Compared with 34% in the placebo group, p <0.0001). The latter effect is especially pronounced in patients with initial glucose tolerance impairment.

Thus, the drug really allows you to reduce body weight, but again – against a diet. This drug, like any other, should work against the backdrop of the patient’s desire, diet and expansion of physical activity.

What are the side effects of the drug?

As already noted, Xenical is a non-systemic drug that is not absorbed in the intestine. The side effect is that 30% of the fats do not split and remain in the lumen of the intestine, thus stimulating the bowel motility and causing a loosening of the stool. However, eventually these side effects go away, and most patients tolerate the drug safely.

It should be warned that the drug should be prescribed only when the diet contains fatty foods, otherwise there will be no effect from it, since there is no substratum of its effect. Naturally, this does not mean that you should increase the amount of fatty food when taking this drug. It should be emphasized that if a patient plans to eat only carbohydrate or protein foods (such as fruit), it is not advisable to take the drug at the same time with such a meal.

Orlistat should be prescribed on the recommendation of a doctor, since uncontrolled intake in large doses can lead to damage to the liver tissue.

Thus, summing up all the above, I want to note that metabolic syndrome is a global problem, as it is noted in about a quarter of the world’s people and is a complex of various pathological conditions. For successful correction and treatment, first of all, you need to change your lifestyle and achieve weight loss. Practically this can be achieved with the use of drugs, the effectiveness and safety of which is registered and confirmed in the world and domestic clinical practice.

Preparations and folk remedies for increasing potency in men. Potency is …

Unfortunately, a decrease in potency is an actual problem for many men. In today’s world, there are many factors that lead to erectile dysfunction. The category of men suffering from this problem include not only the elderly, but also young guys. This happens for various reasons, among which a special place is occupied by stressful situations, a wrong way of life, as well as chronic diseases of the reproductive system. You should know that potency is a healthy state of the male body, in which normal sexual contact is possible. With various violations, this mechanism fails or is completely lost. This condition is called erectile dysfunction or impotence. As a result, men experience not only physical weakness, but also psychological stress. But do not despair, because there are many ways to get rid of erectile dysfunction on

Potency is what?

Everyone knows that a healthy man is able to perform a normal sexual intercourse regardless of age. Potency is a term that, in Latin, means “opportunity.” By this is meant the ability to have a healthy sexual life. From this definition it follows that the potency in men implies a normal erection during the entire sexual intercourse. Under the influence of harmful influences, it can weaken. Sometimes its reduction is not dangerous, since there is no persistent cause of the development of erectile dysfunction. This happens, for example, with strong excitement during preparation for sexual intercourse. In this case, a man should not worry and just relax. If this phenomenon is repeated repeatedly, then you need to seek medical help. In a broader sense, potency is not only the ability to create and retain an erection, but also a normal libido, that is, the emergence of sexual desire at the sight of a person of the opposite sex.

Causes leading to decreased potency

Potency in men can be reduced due to various factors. They can be divided into psychoemotional, physiological and exogenous causes of erectile dysfunction. In most cases, there is a combination of these factors. The development of impotence due to psychoemotional stress. This reason is most often associated with problems in the family (misunderstanding between a man and a woman, scandals) or at work. In this type of impotence, libido is primarily reduced, which leads to erectile dysfunction. Physiological causes include vascular, neurogenic and endocrine disorders. Each of them has a certain mechanism of development and requires treatment by a specialist – a urologist. Exogenous factors of the development of impotence are bad habits and medicamentous effects. It should be remembered that the constant use of alcohol, drugs and tobacco leads to erectile dysfunction. Among drugs that reduce sexual power, isolated antiandrogens.

The mechanism of impotence development drugs to increase potency in men

There are several mechanisms that lead to sexual weakness. They depend on the immediate cause of impotence. The most common mechanisms are vascular and neurogenic. In the first case arterial blood comes in insufficient quantity to the penis, which provokes full, but more often partial, dysfunction. With a rapid venous outflow, on the contrary, an erection occurs quickly, but the sexual contact itself is short-lived. Reduction of potency in spinal cord injuries, as well as pelvic bones has a neurological mechanism. Unfortunately, in this case erectile dysfunction rarely gives in to treatment. The medicamentous and endocrine types of impotence develop due to the inhibitory effect exerted on male sex hormones. It should be remembered that regardless of the mechanism of appearance of erectile dysfunction in most cases it is curable. Folk remedies for increasing potency in men

Ways to increase potency

To raise or return the potency, you should seek medical help. After the doctor finds out the cause of erectile dysfunction, he will prescribe the necessary treatment. There are several ways to increase potency. Among them, the following are distinguished: folk remedies (decoctions of plants, consumption of certain food products), psychotherapy, surgical intervention and medication. All these methods are effective and are applied depending on the cause of impotence. In some cases, combined treatment is needed (most often – folk remedies and medications). How to increase potency at home

What are the popular means for increasing the potency of men?

One of the main ways to treat erectile dysfunction is unconventional therapy. Allocate the following folk remedies for increasing the potency of men: Infusion from the Kalgan. To make it, you need 200 g of roots of this plant to insist on 0.5 liters of vodka for 2 weeks. Then the infusion should be filtered. Take 2 times a day for 1 teaspoon for 3 weeks. Walnuts and honey. Mix the ingredients in approximately equal amounts and consume 1 tablespoon before bedtime. Infusion of leaves of St. John’s wort, mint and oregano. All chop and pour 100 ml of vodka. Insist in a dark place and take 3 times a day for 1 tablespoon. After using this mixture, you need to take a break – 1 month.

Medicines to increase potency

Drugs to increase potency in men should appoint a specialist. The mechanism of action of these drugs is based on increased blood flow to the penis. Thanks to this, the onset of an erection is provoked. In addition, some medicines further strengthen the body and the vascular system. Among the drugs for potency, there are tablets “Viagra”, “Cialis”, “Alicaps”, “Levitra”, etc. Unfortunately, these medications can not be used for chronic heart and kidney diseases. Besides them, there are drops of “El macho”, which are safe for health and have no contraindications. Drugs for increasing potency in men can be bought at pharmacies or ordered on the Internet. Before this, you need to get a urologist consultation. Means increasing potency

Increased potency at home

Means that increase potency, you can use both periodically (before sexual intercourse), and systematically for the complete restoration of sexual function. Before you start taking medication, you can try to restore your erection yourself. How to increase the potency in the home and without harm to the body? First of all, it is necessary to normalize the regime of the day and nutrition (to consume more meat products, vegetables and fruits). It is also important to give up bad habits and avoid stressful situations. If the problem arose against the background of a psychoemotional disruption, you need to discuss it with your partner and achieve mutual understanding in the family.

How to increase the power of men in the home quickly and for long?

With a certain age in the strong sex often have erection problems. The question is how to increase the power of men, excites a lot. Such a breach in the male body can be a real tragedy. The causes of erectile dysfunction can be stress, a sedentary lifestyle by taking drugs, alcohol, smoking, poor diet, hormonal imbalance. But do not panic. There are many different methods to increase power. To help solve the problem welcome modern means of last generation, as well as proven recipes of traditional medicine.
Many men in its mature years want to improve their efficiency. Modern life is an extremely negative effect on the health of men. The constant lack of sleep and fatigue can also cause the weakening of the erection and sexual desire. Stem Recovery takes time and specific measures.

First, in the fight against erectile dysfunction are basic rules must be respected:

Sex life. Male reproductive organs require constant training. For every man is important to avoid long periods of sexual abstinence. It provides health throughout the body, improves the quality of the sperm and increases its number. Regular sex to prevent the development of impotence. According to research in 2003, weekly orgasms dramatically decreases the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Prevention of diseases that are sexually transmitted. These infections develop suddenly and quickly. Their presence in the male body will help to identify appropriate tests. However, all sex representatives strongly routinely screen for genital infections. Any discomfort should be a reason to see a doctor and be diagnosed. After the defeat exposed not only to the sexual organs, but the entire male body.
Proper nutrition should be one of the main methods in the fight against erectile dysfunction. A balanced diet improves power and provides libido. The products used must contain a large amount of phosphorus – this element has a direct impact on human health and potency. You need to eat food that promotes the development of the necessary male hormones. After micronutrient main phosphorus for men is zinc. He was involved in the synthesis of testosterone. The zinc deficiency in the body leads to a deterioration in quality and deterioration of the power of the ejaculate. Also eat foods should contain vitamin E. It also provides the high power of man and prevent negative changes in the genitalia cells. Good nutrition helps to get rid of erection problems quickly, restores the hormonal balance helps to recover in a short period of time. How to improve low power through power? You must eat protein foods, honey with nuts, spices, vegetables and fruits.
Avoid alcohol. The little man drank the liquor, the better his power. Many believe that a glass of wine will provide the necessary impetus for sex. However, it is not. For example, prostate alcohol is absolutely contraindicated. In a situation where the exact cause of impaired power is not known, alcohol is necessary to completely eliminate your life.
Get rid of extra pounds. Obesity can also cause a decrease in power. For, to lose weight slowly, start each morning with a load. Do sports and exercise during the day, poseschaote gym.
A restful sleep helps the body recover. Lack of chronic sleep, fatigue, weakness, an extremely negative effect on erectile function in humans. It is extremely important to always get enough sleep and rest after work.

How to increase the power of men in a natural way

Natural means to increase the power to focus not only on the excellent work of sexual function but also to general improvement and strengthening of the male body. Assist in dealing with the problem of a specially designed set of exercises. In the practice of the pubic muscle process, which has a direct impact on erection. Daily need to perform these simple exercises:
1. The rotation of the basin. Set apart your feet shoulder width, hands resting on the belt. Rotate the basin should be 10 minutes in one direction and then in another.
2. step on the spot, raising the knees and very pressed to his stomach;
3. knees slightly bent, hands resting on the belt. Then bend your knees more, it is necessary to exercise a maximum and relax the muscles of the buttocks several times;
4. the lifting basin, lying on its back;
5. rotation of the kicks, lying on the back, – exercising a “bicycle”;
6. several times to stretch and relax the muscle pubococcygeus.
In addition to exercise, it is important to eat certain foods. They increase the power to provide persistent penile erection. Men need to eat regularly:
Unwrought garlic;
Carrots steamed in milk;
Water – as a means to increase power
Well help restore contrast baths per day of Potence at night. They are very beneficial effect on the blood circulation in the pelvis and strengthen the entire body. For the procedure, a tub filled with cold water and the other warm. Each container should be soaked for one minute.
Gradually increase the temperature difference. It is important to know that the initially strong temperature difference can only hurt. It can also be used as an alternative to vaginal douche baths. On the power of reconstitution, and has a beneficial effect of the sauna. The bath is best to go twice a week, and make sure to use a birch broom.
Sufficiently effective method using ice. In the classic gauze need to wrap the ice. The question must first be folded several times. Such a cold pack is necessary to require one to two minutes to different parts of the body. Start with the head – apply ice on the skull, then on the heart, then – on the scrotum.
How To Increase The Power Of Popular Remedies
Traditional medicine is rich in a variety of effective recipes that help restore erectile function quickly. The best known methods:
Every day, eat a feast – honey with chopped walnuts. The components are mixed in equal parts. The means required to apply at least 1 month. For the best effect, you can wash down with delicate milk.
Good helps solve the problem of carrot cocktail with the addition of honey. Bee products and vegetables such as carrots, have long been considered an excellent remedy for the restoration of human health. Drink a cocktail needed for ¼ cup three times a day.
Prepare the garlic infusion and be taken daily for 20 drops.
Significantly improves the power of cabbage juice. It must be consumed daily in small quantities.
Decoction of medicinal herbs will help to strengthen the erection. Take the basilisk inflorescence, walnut leaves, rhizome horseradish. Then you need to boil 1 liter of red wine and pour them grass. Ready broth is wrapped in a warm cloth and insist. Then filtered and taken before a 100 ml meal.
It is very effective in dealing with drug lungwort impotence. The plant should be regularly added to salads and other dishes. In addition to lungwort infusion take – dry grass pour boiling water and take the means.
Asparagus, infusions and decoctions of maple branches, pine nuts, pumpkin seeds require constant use for men who have problems with power. These tools help to get rid of this problem.

Healthy lifestyle

The rule of thumb when dealing with impotence – is to observe healthy lifestyle. It is important to take various preventative measures, so that more elderly people do not think about the intimate nature of the problem. Older men often think about how to increase the power of 60 years.
To solve, you can use a variety of methods, ranging from exercise, and end the use of special tools. An integrated approach to help eliminate erectile dysfunction and quickly restore the health of men.
It is necessary to apply special massages, do sports, take long walks in the fresh air. You can use the best traditional medicine recipes and modern trends, developed by experts to increase power.

Foods containing harmful trans fats

Trans fats occur during the hydrogenation of natural vegetable fat (oil). Thus, the manufacturer prolongs the shelf life and life of the product, but you can not say such things about our life with you.

Many foods include trans fats, which are not as harmless as it might seem at first glance. Particularly dangerous for humans are substances created in industrial conditions.

Trans fats occur during the hydrogenation of natural vegetable fat (oil). Thus, the manufacturer extends the shelf life and life of the product, but you can not say such things about our life with you.

What are trans fats?

Trans fat means modified molecules that appear in vegetable fats (oils) as a result of exposure to high temperatures during hydrogenation. The composition of these fats includes altered unsaturated acids, which, when ingested, impair metabolism. As a result, toxins and toxins form in the body, and many diseases are provoked.

The main difference between conventional fats and trans fats is that the first can cause excess weight, and the second increase the likelihood of a number of diseases.

Harmful components are found mainly in industrial products. For example, sunflower oil becomes a source of trans fats when heated. The same happens with products containing margarine. And as you know margarine is a product that is made on the basis of hydrogenated vegetable oil. On this basis, nutritionists recommend less to include in the diet of fried foods.

What trans fats are dangerous for people?

According to scientists with regular use of products with trans fats, the risk of such diseases increases:

  • Deterioration of the productivity of the nervous system and the brain.
  • The emergence of VSD, as well as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
  • Suppression of the immune system.
  • Risk of malignant formation (cancer).
  • Development of diabetes mellitus.
  • Fast weight gain.

Taking into account the negative consequences, WHO has established norms for the use of unsafe products. In the daily diet of each person, trans fats should not exceed 1%.

For those who adhere to a healthy diet, we offer a list of foods containing trans fats that should be excluded from their diet.


Among the oils, he is the leader in the number of trans fats. For a long time discussions were held that less harmful – oil or margarine. As a result of the research it was found that margarine is harmful. It provokes atherosclerosis, heart and vascular disease.


Also the main source of harmful fats. In butter, trans fats are 4%. In a smaller amount, they appear in products marked “light” due to the use of hydrogenated fat. However, this option is also unsafe for the body. Butter oils with trans fats increase the level of cholesterol, promote weight gain, negatively affect the blood vessels.

Refined vegetable oil

Under the influence of high temperatures, fat molecules begin to change, retaining their chemical formula and the number of elements, but several atoms join in differently. This leads to the fact that the fat molecule has a trans-isomer, which is called trans fat.

It must be said that trans fats are formed during frying, cooking and other heat treatment of food. On some oils (olive, coconut) it is permissible to fry, and some oils (sunflower, corn, palm) can not be heat treated.

In vegetable oils, trans fats occupy 1%. When frying, their amount increases, if the temperature reaches 190. Therefore, fried foods can cause increased blood pressure, diabetes and the formation of malignant tumors.


One cake can contain at least 1% of trans fats. However, most people are not limited to one cake. As a result, a significant excess of the allowable norm is obtained.


Even expensive and high-quality mayonnaise contains trans fats. Natural can be considered mayonnaise, cooked at home. A store sauces and mayonnaises slow down metabolism, poorly affect the heart and promote weight gain.


Many manufacturers use butter-cocoa, lauric and stearic acids instead of the necessary, natural ingredients, which are considered to be trans fats. Getting into the body, they negatively affect the gastrointestinal tract, the liver, disrupt the metabolism and worsen the well-being. When buying chocolate, pay attention to the composition and remember that it can not be cheap.

Popcorn for microwave oven

Sometimes manufacturers write on packaging that trans fats are missing. But if one of the components of the composition is called “hydrogenated oils”, it means that harmful fats are still contained in popcorn.


Despite the simple and harmless composition, there are harmful fats in crackers, which are “heavy” for the body.


One packet of chips contains at least 3% of harmful fats, while the allowable rate is 1%. Instead of chips it is better to eat natural products.

Mixtures for fast breakfasts

Packaging mixtures, as a rule, colorful, and you can use them even for children. Nevertheless, many fast breakfasts contain trans fats, like protein bars, which are advertised as healthy foods. It is advisable to replace ointments for fast breakfasts with oatmeal or muesli.

Frozen products

Frozen pancakes, pies and similar semi-finished products contain harmful substances in large quantities. It is better to replace them with analogues of home cooking, in spite of the fact that semi-finished products are prepared more quickly.

French fries

French fries are one of the leaders in the number of harmful fats. In one serving, the norm is exceeded approximately 7 times. To her, you need to add other products with trans fats, which are used throughout the day.

Vegetable dry fat

It prolongs the shelf life of products, but negatively affects the arteries. It is advisable to refuse products with its content.

How to minimize the damage from the trails?

Of course, in a few days this is unrealistic. However, it is possible to optimize the process of cleansing the body of trans fats if you exclude the products that contain them, or adhere to the WHO standard. Also, nutritionists recommend eating as much as possible home-grown vegetables and fruits. Then, instead of cells infected with trans fats, new ones are formed.