IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE AROUND SUPA, a whole cult has arisen – many argue that there will be no healthy diet without it. At the same time, what kind of soup is meant is not specified – although they can differ radically in terms of nutrient content and energy, not to mention texture and temperature. We understand, when the soup than they are helpful and really if can prevent stomach ulcers.
Archaeologists claim that the first stews appeared in the diet of our ancestors about 20 thousand years ago – this was due to the invention of pottery. Then, in the late Paleolithic, the climate on Earth was especially cold. During excavations at Xian’en Cave in Jiangxi Province , fragments of pottery were found , which, judging by the traces of fire, were used for cooking and served as cauldrons. It is in them, judging by everything, and began to brew the first soups.
In the modern sense, they are more like liquid cereals, the base was fried and crushed cereal grains. Similar observations have been made in other regions, although many of them date back to more recent periods. When nations discovered pottery, they used it to create containers for cooking food.
The word “suppa” itself came from the Germanic languages - it meant “bread soaked in broth.” Today, variations of the soup exist in all world cuisines – and this dish can even serve as an appetizer or dessert.
Another important phenomenon in the history of mankind is connected with soups – the origin of restaurants. The main book of the history of French cooking “Larousse Gastronomique” said that in 1765 the Parisian street vendor soups for Boulanger surname opened the institution in which the fed “restorativy” – the French word for liquid food, which was used for recuperation and for the essence is the name soup.
The fact is that many residents of Paris in the 18th century did not have kitchens and were forced to eat in city taverns and small hotels, which served simple products – boiled or baked meat without spices or sauce, with seasonal vegetables as a side dish. Street vendors were also popular . The peculiarity of the Boulanger restaurant was, oddly enough, the choice – it offered lists of dishes that could be prepared according to the customer’s order. The menu we were used to then became a revolutionary innovation for the world of culinary.
Some historians are inclined to believe that this is a legend and no Boulanger existed: “Larousse Gastronomique” is currently the only source indicating that such a person was. Nevertheless , it can be argued that restaurants are a French invention and their name is associated with the preparation of soups.
Soups and health
The vegetables that are in almost any soup, contains water-soluble vitamins and minerals. Under the influence of boiling water, they are “washed out” from plant cells into the liquid in which vegetables or fruits are boiled. True, high temperature and oxygen destroy some substances, in particular vitamin C, and the longer the exposure period, the greater the loss. However , broth makes water-soluble minerals more readily available than fresh vegetables.
The fact is that each plant cell is surrounded by a wall of cellulose – these cell walls are not digested in the human body and can only be destroyed physically, during chewing and during contractions of the gastrointestinal tract walls . During the normal process of digestion, the substances contained in plant cells are “squeezed out”, and indigestible residues move through the intestines until they reach their final destination. Soups allow you to retain some of the nutrients that are released from vegetables into the water, but at the same time provide a source of dietary fiber (indigestible constituents of fruits and vegetables) that help the digestive tract function properly .
A positive quality is the high water content in soups, which allows the body to replenish the lack of fluid. Daily recommendations for fluid intake include not only pure water but and other products. And if office workers who do not lose a lot of water with sweat can get enough fluid from drinks and other products, then it is difficult to imagine anything more convenient than soup for the recovery of people engaged in hard physical labor. A study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that eating chicken soup as a first course was more effective in helping to achieve satiety than drinking water with a similar diet.
In the USSR and in the post-Soviet space, a whole cult arose around the soup. Surely many have heard from parents or relatives that without soup , digestive problems, such as stomach ulcers, can appear . Also, according to popular opinion, soup can only be used as a first course – so as not to eat “dry food “.
There are no weighty arguments in favor of these views. In particular, an ulcer occurs when the integrity of the gastric mucosa is destroyed – and this is due to problems with the production of mucus, which protects tissues from the effects of gastric juice. At this process can influence alcohol, smoking, some medications, but the most important factor in the development of ulcers – Helicobacter pylori infection by bacteria. It is believed that this microorganism enters the body through the mouth.
At the same time, the diet is not associated with the risk of developing an ulcer . Spicy foods were once cited as a risk factor, but research has shown that capsaicin (the chemical that makes peppers pungent ) reduces stomach acid production . These same theories surround the coffee, and in particular caffeine, but numerous studies analysis has shown that this substance is not is crucial in the development of the disease. As for alcohol, its effect on the development of ulcers is important when the patient is already infected with Helicobacter pylori. In case of infection, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics, as well as medications that restore the integrity of the mucous membrane and normal secretion of gastric juice.
K Unfortunately, the soup does not use can protect the body from infection pylori of Helicobacter – in the best case, cooking will help decontaminate products. If a peptic ulcer has already developed, the doctor will recommend that during periods of exacerbation, give up a number of foods that can aggravate the symptoms – this includes some vegetables and fatty meats. This means that the soup, depending on the composition, can worsen the condition.